Confucius ( 551 – 479 B.C) was a statesman who advocated governmental transparency, morality, accountability and correctness of social relationships. He was a teacher, humanitarian, and editor of several books.
He has written several books but his most enduring is titled Analects. It was compiled by his disciples’ years after his passing away based on his teachings and written documents.
His many disciples have been influential in Chinese governments for many years.
Nationalists under general Chiang Kai-shek and Mao Zedong rejected Confucian philosophies and thinking, yet Confucianism is alive and well today. Since the Cultural revolution ( ) Confucian ideals, and morality were adapted by all governments in policies and by ordinary citizens to everyday Chinese life.
In The Sage Returns, scholars from a wide range of disciplines explore the contemporary Confucian revival in China.
Contributors note how the revival of Confucianism plays out in a variety of ways, from China’s relations with the rest of the world, to views of capitalism and science, to blockbuster movies and teenage fashion.
Many of the contributors have lectured in Chinese universities or specialize in Chinese hisotry and have experienced how students behave, think and act.