Amundsen, and outstanding expedition organizer was born July 16 1872 to a Norwegian family of ship owners.
One of Norway’s enduring heroes; Amundsen is the focus of a host of special events this year to mark the 100th anniversary of his South Pole expedition.
He was such a meticulous planner that he budgeted fort eh trip 100 days, but was able to return one day in advance.
He was the first individual to reach the north and south poles, and to traverse the Northwest Passage.
He is celebrated as one of the best of Heroic Age of Antarctic Explorations along with E. Shackelton, R. Scott, and D. Mawson
He led may explorations – Belgian Antarctic exploration (1897 – 99); northwest passage (1903 – 06); south pole (1910 – 12); northeast passage (1916 – 19).
Coincidentally, 2011 is also the 150th anniversary of the birth of another world famous Norwegian – Fridjof Nansen, who was not only an explorer but a humanitarian, and who introduced the Nansen passport to help “stateless” people (there were thousands in his life time) to travel.
Roald Amundsen travelled on the specially Norwegian designed for polar research built ship Fram, a 38-metre long schooner, to the south pole.
Tragically, Roald Amundsen disappeared in June 1928 while on a rescue mission.
He stated that a polar expedition requires meticulous planning and organization, good equipment, appropriate clothing, a good understanding of dogs and their handling, and effective use of skis.
Several places and ships are named after Amundsen – Amundsen-Scott south pole station, a glacier, Amundsen sea, a bay, mount Amundsen, and Amundsen gulf.
The Fram museum in Oslo displays the boat (Fram) and will be featuring two special exhibits to honour Amundsen and Nansen, from august 26 – June 15 2012.
If you consider the huge size of today’s icebreakers ad compare them to the 38-metre wooden Fram, you will be able to understand the courage R. Amundsen and f. Nansen.
Those interested in polar landscapes and animal life can book specialized boat tours to south Antarctica.
“Victory awaits him, who has everything in order – luck we call it. Defeat is definitely due for him who has neglected to take the necessary precautions – bad luck we call it.’