With its medieval citadel, Baroque palaces and Alpine vistas, Salzburg attracts thousands of tourists.
This lovely Austrian city offers tourists history (Mozart, location of Sounds of Music) along with contemporary galleries, and fair trade coffee houses (Austrians love coffee in all its forms and preparations).
In the winter, Salzburg is at its most hospitable, as squares transform into bustling Christmas markets, and taverns fill with skiers and students refuelling or relaxing with Teutonic, albeit heavy food. Salzburg is a timeless city.
This compact, lovely and walkable city on the Salzach River in western Austria has been inhabited since the Neolithic era (10,200
B C and considered to be part of the Stone Age), but started to grow when Roman soldiers occupies it in 15 B C, merging several small settlements, and then called it Juvanum.
Hohensalzburg, the fortress, was built in 1077, and self-governing region won its complete independence from the Kingdom of Bavaria in 1805.
Hitler annexed Austria before World War II, but the country was the first to gain independence from the U S S R and allied forces (the
U S A, the U K, and France) by quiet but persistent diplomacy.
The froth largest in Austria after Vienna, Linz, and Graz, Salzburg with a population well over 150,000 is still a small city and most suitable to explore on foot.
Before the 20th century, Salzburg was shipping and distribution centre for salt from nearby mines. The old town with its baroque architecture and die Getreidegasse are tourist attractions not to be missed.
Hohensalzburg, the castle, built in the 11th century, colleted tolls from barges transporting salt.
The Cathedral, Alter markt (the old market), Mozart’s birth house, Schloss Mirabel, the Toy Museum, and the Museum of natural history are all well worth exploring, as is sitting in an open air cafe sipping coffee topped with whipped cream while watching the world go by.
For those who ratehr like sitting in a toru bus, local agencies offer several tours.
Austiran like to eat and drink, and Asalzburg has many restaurants offerign lcoal specialtiwes i.e Salzburger nockerl, Mozart kugeln (choclate confections), Tafelspitz (boiled beef), and many more.
Augustiner Beerstuberl is only one of eh many pubs.
Salzburg music festivals in July and August attract many tourists, and accommodation becomes more difficult to book.
After visiting all sights including Hohensalzburg,, take a taxi or bus and visit Schloss Klessheim (now a casino) that was built as Hitler’s summer residence. The nearby building for employees was once the home of the hotel school of the city of Salzburg.
Bad Ischl and Fuschlsee are nearby natural attractions worth visiting.
Salzburg is close to Munich, and only four hours by car from Vienna.
There is no shortage of accommodation (except for festival times) and restaurants offering local and central European fare.