Vatican City State
The Lateran Treaty crated Vatican City State, the seat of the Pope, in 1929. The Holy Sea and Benito Mussolini signed the treaty that granted Vatican statehoods. The Italian army provides defence.
The Swiss Guard protects the Pope. Pope Julius II created such an arrangement in 1506.
The guards must have completed basic Swiss army training, and comply with strict physical requirements.
Originally, they were Swiss mercenaries. Presently, 134 guards function as ceremonial custodians of the grounds, dressed in their colourful medieval uniforms provided by the state.
Vatican consists of 44 hectares of land (the gardens take up 23 hectares) with a permanent population of 845.
The Vatican City State is a major sightseeing experience with its lavishly furnished and decorated Saint Peter’s Basilica, Sistine Chapel and the Vatican Museum to all tourists to Rome.
The Vatican Museum is home to some of the world’s most beautiful and famous paintings.
The Vatican earns money by printing stamps, printing books, manufacturing mosaics, uniforms, and selling mementos to tourists.
More than two million people visit Vatican, and its museums, churches, and gardens. Women in shorts are not allowed to enter any of the churches, a rule strictly enforced by discreetly by young undercover inspectors.
Thousands of Catholics seek a private audience with the Pope that can be arranged through intermediaries, and an exchange of “gifts”.
Many countries maintain embassies close to the “State” to foster diplomatic relations tot eh Holt Sea, the “moral authority” of Christianity.
The official site of Vatican City State (Italian: Stato della Città del Vaticano) – link